Diversity can be a guiding principle for governments that includes sources of inputs, mixtures of production, product markets and supply chains, as diversity creates multiple pathways to absorb shocks. Connectivity multiplies the benefits: Well-connected agrifood networks overcome disruption faster by shifting supply sources and channels for transport, marketing, inputs and labor, according to the report.
FAO suggested that governments encourage better coordination and organization of PMEAs within agrifood supply chains. Likewise, small-scale food producers can remain competitive and resilient by integrating into supply chains through producer associations and cooperatives, and adopting resource conservation practices. Social protection programs may be necessary to improve the resilience of rural households in the face of shocks. Policies should also address issues beyond agrifood systems, including the need for better health and education services, gender equality and the participation of women, and must recognize the role of agrifood as a as guardian of the natural environment.
The affordability of healthy food for all households, especially the poorest and most vulnerable, needs to be urgently addressed by governments around the world, as ensuring economic access to sufficient food for healthy eating at all times is a key dimension of the agrifood system resilience, FAO said. Policies and investments that reduce poverty, create decent jobs and expand access to education and basic services, as well as social protection programs when needed, are essential elements of resilience.
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